PSYC 502/FORUM STUDENT RESPONSES. Personality Tests.

PSYC 502/WEEK 6 FORUM STUDENT RESPONSES. Personality Tests. Respond to each RESPONSE below with minimum of 250 words. Must list references.

RESPONSE 1 (Kraig): Choosing the best test to evaluate an individual’s competency to stand trial would be difficult from the tests listed. First, the psychologist would have to determine which test or tests would best evaluate the individual’s personality and ability to stand trial. To capture both types of tests and obtain a better personality assessment, I would choose to use both the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) and the Minnesota Multiphasic Inventory 2nded (MMPI-11).  The TAT has pictures that are shown to the individual that are open to interpretation (Serfass & Sherman, 2013). The breakdown of the test has twenty black pictures and twenty white pictures where the individual will make up stories that corresponds with the pictures shown (Serfass & Sherman, 2013). Utilizing the TAT will allow the psychologist to evaluate if there are underlying themes with the individuals personality that would impede him or her from standing trial. The TAT test, just like other projective tests, is highly criticized because of the subjectivity in the scoring procedures (Serfass & Sherman, 2013). The stories that the individual would make up would paint a picture to the psychologist on what scales he would fall under. Depending on what scales the individual would fall in would determine if he would be competent to stand trial.   

The MMPI-2 is considered one of the most widely researched and used clinical personality inventory within contemporary assessments (Kumar, 2016). The MMPI-2 is an objective personality test that gains the clients perspective on their personality characteristics by the use of a self-reporting questionnaire (Kumar, 2016). The type of questionnaire used in the MMPI-2 is a basic true and false test. Kumar (2016) explains the test comprises of 567 items on the test. What is great about this test is it has different scales which help tell if the person is telling the truth, but has a downfall of the psychologist having to determine if the client has cooperated with them (Kumar, 2016). Whether or not a client is cooperating is important to know because it determines the validity of the results. The MMPI-2 would be very helpful in determining if the individual is fit to stand trial by evaluating if he or she is telling the truth. For an example, a person who brutally murdered their family is on trial, but knows he will be found guilty and put to death. He starts acting like he is psychologically distraught in order to get an easy sentence for his crimes. The test would be able to tell that the individual is lying.    

There is a great difference between projective and objective tests. First, projective testing is when the test taker puts his or her thoughts into what he or she sees on a card (Krug, 2013). The good part about the projective testing is the client may tell the psychologist something unconsciously through story telling about their true inner-self that he or she may not have disclosed any other way (Krug, 2013). The negativity of the projective testing is the subjectivity of the scoring procedures (Serfass & Sherman, 2013). Objective tests are a yes or no test or a true or false type test (Kumar, 2016). The client has one of two choices to make and it is easily scored, but may take some time. The negative part of objective testing is the psychologist has to determine whether or not the client cooperated and did not just throw questions down on paper to be finished with the test (Kumar, 2016). If the client just answers what ever answers even if they are false, the test results are not valid. This is why I decided to choose to use both the MMPI-2 and the TAT test to encompass a wider spectrum in order to capture the best picture of the individual’s personality to determine his or her suitability to stand trial.    

References

Kumar, U. (2016). The wiley handbook of personality assessment. Retrieved from https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.ezproxy1.apus.edu.

Krug, S. E. (2013). Objective personality testing. In K. F. Geisinger, B. A. Bracken, J. F. Carlson, J. C. Hansen, N. R. Kuncel, S. P. Reise & M. C. Rodriguez (Eds.), APA handbook of testing and assessment in psychology, vol. 1: Test theory and testing and assessment in industrial and organizational psychology; APA handbook of testing and assessment in psychology, vol. 1: Test theory and testing and assessment in industrial and organizational psychology. (pp. 315-328, Chapter xxix, 711 Pages). Washington: American Psychological Association, American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.

Serfass, D., & Sherman, R. (2013). Personality and perceptions of situations from the Thematic Apperception Test. Journal of Research in Personality, 47(6), 708–718.

RESPONSE 2 (Denise): I found this week’s topic was very interesting. Determining if a person is competent enough to stand involve many legal aspects, not just a simple test. There are many things to take into consideration including the individual’s background and upbringing. This may shed a little more light on what and why’s of the actual situation. Often time when faced with such, many people immediately deem it necessary to undergo a psychological assessment. This is not necessary in all cases.

Personality is the field within psychology that studies the thoughts, feelings, behaviors, goals, and interests of normal individuals. It consequently covers a very wide range of important psychological characteristics. Personality is the unique way individuals think, feel, and act. If I were a forensic psychologist conducting an evaluation of an individual competency to stand trial, I generally would not use projective testing at all however if I had to choose, I would be torn between the Minnesota Multiple Personality Inventory (MMPI) and the Thematic Apperception Test. Both test is intended to evaluate a person’s personality and/traits.

I would use the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT). The reason I would uses this test is because it is considered effective in stimulating information about a person’s view of the world and his or her attitudes towards themselves as well as others. The TAT is most often used in situations where a person is evaluated for fields requiring high levels of psychological stress. These areas include but are not limited to: law, education, clergy, and the military.  It evaluates motivations and overall attitudes of the examinee. During such test the subject reveals their expectations of relationships, parents, law-enforcement, subordinates and their peers. For example; if a person, in the case of a mass murderer, this test would be suitable to identify why they committed the crime what could have been a motive. While taking the test, the examiner has the opportunity to assess the participant’s tone, posture, pauses, and other signs of their emotions.

Some advantages of TAT and other projective test are that: they are every useful in assisting psychologist assess unconscious parts of one’s personality. Personality test are not translucent therefore participants do not know how their answers or response will be interpreted. Some disadvantages may be that self-reporting accounts may appear transparent to the participant, so they may be able to figure out what the psychologist really want to know. For example: If given/shown a picture of a woman looking into a room door: showing the attitude of a mother’s role of observing her children or judging behavior. I could view it as maybe she is responding to the calling of her name from one of her children.  Another disadvantage of any projective testing is that it lacks reliability as well as validity.

RESPONSE 3 (Robert):  This week we analyze and stipulate on which personality tests would be sufficient to evaluate an individual’s competency to stand trail.  I have always been skeptical with this concept considering I feel a person’s actions should weigh more than there state of mind when they stand trail.  Consider the case of the Colorado movie theater shooter James Holmes.  Though he was convicted and sentenced to over 12 life sentences, the jury spared him because he was mentally ill.  In my mind this was a gross interpretation of justice.  What does it matter how mentally ill he is, as long as someone is capable of doing what he did then I think everyone knows my opinion on the matter.  I digress, apologies. 

     I spent a long time considering protective tests and their benefit for measuring competency for trial.  I feel protective tests would be too easy to manipulate if a person wanted to be considered not fit to stand trial.  In my opinion objective personality inventories and the proper grading scales would present the best case on whether or not someone is capable of standing trail.

    One of the most widely used personality inventories is the Minnesota Multiphasic Personilty Inventory (MMPI).  This inventory would be strong in court because of the vast amount of research literature published and the published research references.  The MMPI covers a plethora of areas utilizing up to 567 affirmative statements that are answered with a true or false response.  MMPI has 13 standard scales, three of which are meant to measure validity, and ten specifically for personality.  Sub scales are designed to match tendencies for depression, paranoia, masculinity vs. femininity, and other valuable factors (Kumar, 2016).  Some concerns professionals have expressed with the MMPI is the over assumption of accurate diagnosis and assumptions that patterns are relevant for identification to certain sub sets.  For example, similar answers for those diagnosed with depression are used to identify future individuals of depression.  This assumes the previous patterns are connected to depression, and also assumes the original diagnosis of depression is correct. 

   After a throughout measurement with the MMPI I would move on to implementing the 16 personality factors inventory.  This model evaluates the presence of these 16 factors.  Factors such as anxiety neuroticism, self-control, and extraversion are all global factors that would be helpful in our case.  For the sake of showing a judge and jury that due diligence has been implemented I may include a projective measurement.  This would also show the powers that be an unbiased projection of the persons personality and capabilities.  The Rorschach inkblot test is a very popular examination that makes references from the persons imagination from their interpretations of inkblots.  The idea is that these ambiguous pictures tap into the subconscious of individuals and offer the psychologist hints and insights into their true nature.  I hope you all enjoyed my post this week and good luck on this weeks analysis.  Thanks!

Kumar, U. (2016). The Wiley handbook of personality assessment. Retrieved from https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.eproxy2-apus.edu 

A Self Reflection of Your Personal History and Worldview

  Book: Schultz, D.P., & Schultz, S.E. (2011). A History of Modern Psychology, (Ed. 10th). Wadsworth Publishing: Belmont, CA.  ISBN-13: 978-1133316244 Background Information:

Historians of the history of psychology gather documents, artifacts, books, journals, writings, videos/film footage, pictures and interviews of contributors to the psychological discipline. However, much of what these historians gather is often fragmented or incomplete. Too, the information gathered may give a skewed view of the founder or theorist because people often tend to self-inflate the historical record. Therefore, the history of psychology is often an inaccurate perspective of the theorist and his or her contributions to the psychological discipline.

For this assignment, you are going to act as an historian of your own personal history, in much the same way as a historian of psychology would reconstruct the historical record (Chapter 1). Therefore, you are going to engage in this process to reconstruct, from documents and/or records, your own personal historical account. Hopefully, this will be a growth experience for you and also, that you will learn about the difficulty that ensues, when examining artifacts, in an effort to create an accurate historical account of you! Before the Assignment: Read Chapter 1 from your textbook. You will review and examine 3 types of personal documents and/or records that reflect your personal history (i.e., personal documents/records include, but are not limited to, books, letters, emails, journals, writings, photos, videos, family trees, and financial records). Interview a family member or friend and ask him or her to recount your personal history.

Instructions: Your paper will include 6 different components, which are outlined below. Though you are writing a 6 part paper, be sure that your paper is written as one cohesive essay. The purpose of this assignment is for students to understand how historical accounts of psychological theorists are created, rather than for your professor to know more about who you are as a person. In other words, this historical account of yourself is meant to help students understand the process of creating a historical picture of a psychological theorist and the difficulties of creating an accurate and iron clad historical representation. Include the following in your paper: In two to three paragraphs, describe your personal history from the review and examination of your 3 personal documents.Be systematic when looking at the documents and records about “you,” and focus your historical reconstruction not from memory, but rather reconstruct your personal history directly from the documents/records you are reviewing ,you are taking an objective view of your historical records versus a subjective view. (Important: Be sure to outline in your writing, each of the three types of documents you examined, these must be clear and cited). This section must be written in the 3rd person; see rubric.). In one or two paragraphs, describe the your personal historical account from the interview you had with your family member or friend. The purpose of this interview is to understand who someone would say you were outside of your personal view of yourself. This section must be written in the 3rd person. Next , in another paragraph or two, describe how your personal historical account of yourself and your family members or friends historical account of you are both similar and different. These next sections  can be written in the first person. Continue in another paragraph, by discussing how the personal history you and your family member/friend described, is incomplete or missing important information relevant to you. Briefly, discuss whether the historical account was inflated or skewed. Explain in one paragraph, the “lens” by which you view the world (worldview or paradigm), and explain how your worldview has shaped your own personal history. A few components of worldview are as follows: society, culture, political/government, economic, education and/or religious context. Finally, explain in a paragraph how this process of retelling your own personal history from an objective viewpoint, has illuminated your understanding of how historiography (Chapter 1), shapes our knowledge and understanding of psychology’s historical past. Additional Instructions: Assignment should be approximately 750 – 1000words (3-4 pages) long and follow APA formatting style. Times New Roman Font, 1 inch margins, double-spaced. Remember, you must describe the three personal documents you are using in your paper. Make sure to include 5 sources in your paper; your textbook (Chapter 1) and your three personal documents and the person you interviewed. In other words, all of your sources must be cited in your paper. Include a title and reference page with any sources cited in your paper.

Psychology cultural diversity

Your response to each question should be 1 page. Your entire assignment should be 6 pages plus a title and reference page.
Studies show that people in countries such as Japan and Korea tend to evaluate themselves critically in surveys; they tend to consider self as not necessarily hard-working. Explain the reasons for such cultural response bias.
  Native Americans and Alaska Natives report a higher prevalence of pain symptoms and painful conditions when compared with the general population of the United States. What is your understanding of these findings?
  It is assumed that multicultural experiences foster the creative expansion of ideas. Consider expatriate artists and writers whose brilliant insights emerged when they left their homeland settled in a foreign country. Do you think that creativity can be sparked when a person is exposed to a foreign culture? 
  A study of samples in 32 countries showed that individualism was positively correlated with higher expressivity of emotions, especially happiness and surprise. Individualism was negatively correlated with expression of sadness. What is your understanding of these research findings?
  For years homosexuality was considered a mental illness in the United States. Is it still perceived as an illness today? Do you agree or disagree? 
  Research shows that in Buddhist and Western societies may encourage two somewhat different types of motivation, namely “maximizing” and “satisfying.” Explain both briefly.

lab assign6

Do the typical results of mental scanning experiments support the idea that mental images are like pictures (the depiction or Analogy Theory of imagery) or that images are not exactly like pictures (the descriptive or Propositional Theory of Imagery)?  Explain why and what other findings support the same theory?

Reisberg, D. (2018). Cognition: Exploring the science of the mind (7th ed.). New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company. 

personality theories- Horney's Coping strategies

Television Character

Television provides us with many interesting examples of interpersonal and neurotic behaviors. In this assignment, you will delve into the life and actions of some of your favorite television characters and analyze them using Horney’s coping strategies.

Interestingly, Horney’s three coping strategies for one’s neurotic needs correlate very well with three of Adler’s different personality types:Horney’s moving-toward strategy—Adler’s getting or leaning typeHorney’s moving against—Adler’s ruling or dominant typeHorney’s moving away from—Adler’s avoiding type

Using Horney’s theory of coping with neurotic needs with three different interpersonal orientations, select a TV program of your choice containing a character that Horney would identify as exhibiting neurotic behaviors. As you watch a full episode of this show, focus on this character and tally each instance of moving-toward, moving-against, and moving-away behavior. 

Research Horney’s theory using your textbook, the Internet, and the Argosy University online library resources. Based on your research, respond to the following:Discuss this character’s neurotic needs and trends. What do you think has happened in his/her life that has led to these behaviors?In addition to general life events, how has gender and culture influenced the character’s neurotic needs and behaviors?How do these interpersonal orientations impact the way this character interacts with others and develops relationships?

Write your initial response in 4–5 paragraphs. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

Option 2: Self-Regulation Outline Prepare a 3- to 5-page annotated or expanded outline for review by members of a foundation grant screening committee. Address the following in your outline: A description of how you are proposing to measure self-regula

Self- R egulation of Learning

 

Use published human and animal research and behaviorist, social cognitive, information processing and constructivist theory to develop an outline of a research proposal to measure self-regulation in one of the following fields: The High lighted green is the area I want this paper to be wrote on…

 

 

E nvironmental or evolutionary psychology

F orensic psychology

H ealth or sports psychology

I ndustrial/organizational or engineering psychology

 

 Option 2: Self-Regulation Outline

 

Prepare a 3- to 5- page annotated or expanded outline for review by members of a foundation grant screening committee.

 

Address the following in your outline:

 

A description of how you are proposing to measure self-regulation

The operational definitions, limitations, assumptions, hypotheses, and data analysis plans

The deficiencies a critic might identify in your statement of limitations and assumptions

 

 

 

 

For Phyllis Young Only Psy(2-8)

Reflect on two to three (2-3) TV shows in which characters demonstrate aggression or violence. Consider the context in which this aggression or violence occurred and ways in which it can lead to desensitization.

Write a one to two (1-2) page paper in which you:Briefly describe at least one (1) episode of a television show in which you observed aggression or violence.Identify the context in which the character(s) demonstrated aggression or violence. Include the gender, age, and culture of the character(s) involved in the aggressive or violent act(s).Discuss at least two (2) possible reasons why the selected TV episode included aggression or violence. Provide a rationale for your response.Describe at least two (2) ways that media violence can cause desensitization in people. Justify your response.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page is not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:Develop an increased understanding of the dynamic between society and individuals.Use technology and information resources to research issues in social psychology.Write clearly and concisely about social psychology using proper grammar and mechanics.

Telling the Story

Hector is a 35-year-old Hispanic male. Hector was seriously injured   in an auto accident 5 months ago. He spent 4 months in the hospital.   One leg and hip suffered permanent damage. He will probably always   need a cane and walk with a limp. He also has limited mobility in his   right arm and shoulder and cannot lift anything heavy. 

Hector grew up in a family with a construction business. He has been   working in construction since high school. Social work at the rehab   hospital referred Hector to counseling because he is not adjusting   well to his injuries. He is very depressed and angry because he cannot   continue to work in his chosen occupation. Hector says, “What   use am I now? I am the man in the family. I should be strong. I need   to support the family. I don’t want my wife to work. I   don’t know what I am going to do to make a living.” 

Hector still experiences severe pain in his shoulder and his leg. He   spends a lot of time watching TV and drinking. At this point, he is   not looking for work. His family has reached out to him but he avoids   interaction with his siblings and his parents because they remind him   of what he no longer can do. He feels shame when he is around family   members because of his disability. His relationship with his wife is   tense because he is often angry and withdrawn.

You are meeting with Hector for the first time and want to get the story.

As we meet with a new client we develop some hypotheses to   explore, as well as listening to what the client says about himself. 

Write a 750-1,000-word paper addressing the following: What are some of primary issues that Hector is   addressing? What are some of Hector’s feelings? What are Hector’s behaviors and how are these impacting     his adjustment? How might Hector’s cultural heritage     be impacting his adjustment to his injury? What are some     beliefs that may be impacting Hector’s adjustment? How might Hector’s family background be impacting his   adjustment? What might be some issues that will need to be     addressed in counseling? What are the stages of change the     counselor will help Hector through? Provide a brief definition     of each stage. What steps can a counselor take to help     Hector explore his problems? Consider the following     counselor skills: eye contact, closed and open-ended questions,     paraphrasing and summarizing, reflection, body language, tone,     listening, empathy, genuineness, unconditional positive regard,     interpretation, tracking, reflecting emotion, active presence,     structuring sessions, encouragement, questioning and clarifying,     counselor self-awareness, tolerating intensity, validating,     challenging, multicultural awareness/acceptance, probing and     questioning, posture. Pick one skill and discuss how a counselor     should use this in their sessions with Hector.

Include at three scholarly references in your paper. At least two   resources should identify issues that need to be addressed when you   are working with someone who is being rehabilitated from a serious injury. 

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA   Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

MUT PASS TURN IT IN WITH LESS THAN 5%

Psychology Disorders and Therapy-Depression

Topic: Psychological Disorders and Therapy

Depression is due to a chemical imbalance in the brain and can only be treated successfully with medication

Part I:  The Annotated Bibliography/The Introduction and Summary Paragraphs :  An annotated bibliography is a list of relevant scholarly works along with a descriptive and evaluative summary of each.  Your annotated bibliography will relate information relevant to your analysis of the selected option provided for the Final Paper.  

• Locate a minimum of five relevant scholarly sources that will inform your understanding of the issue that you have chosen.

o Create a list of references and thoroughly read each article. 

o Before beginning your writing, verify the scholarly nature of the articles you have chosen.

• Summarize each of your sources, appraising the information relevant to your chosen topic (two to three paragraphs).  Use your own voice and apply in text citations.  Be sure to consider the following information for each of your selected sources: 

o Include a description and critical analysis of the content (e.g., unique information, findings, strengths/weaknesses, biases, limitations, overall conclusions).

o Include a succinct illustration of the relevance of this particular article to the topic you have chosen.    

• Outline an introduction that previews the paper and concludes with a clear thesis statement.

• Lastly, as a conclusion, compose an overall summary paragraph with additional directions you plan to explore through your research.

Must be at least three to five double-spaced pages in length and formatted according to APA formatted style.

 Part II:  Write a Paper

Write a paper in which summarize psychological theory and research that is pertinent to this topic.  The paper should appraise the evidence contained within your articles, supporting and/or contradicting the statement you have chosen to examine.  Your task is to distinguish whether or not this commonly held belief accurately represents psychological knowledge of the topic and discuss your conclusions.

• If theory and research in psychology suggest that the statement is false (i.e., it is instead bubba or pop psychology), infer an alternative truth based on the literature.

• If the theory and research in psychology suggest that the statement is true, point out how the research supports the statement.

This assignment has two parts. please read through carefully and look at attachments

 

 

 

Details:

This assignment has two parts.

Part 1:

Review the sample behavioral treatment plan provided in the textbook under Table 14.3.

Prepare a similar behavioral treatment plan based on the following individual:Susan Smithe is a 37-year-old female inmate who is incarcerated for armed robbery. Susan suffers from mental illness. Susan is consistently verbally abusive of prison staff, physically aggressive with other inmates, and self-injures by battering her head, arms, and legs against walls and floors. Her self-injuries often require medical attention. Susan suffers from a fear of being alone and of insects.

While APA format is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

Part 2:

In 300-500 words, reflect on why your behavioral treatment plan will benefit Susan Smithe.

The reflection should provide a minimum of two to three peer-reviewed resources to support your explanations.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a scoring guide. Please review the scoring guide prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.

PSY623-R-BehavioralTreatmentPlanSG.docx

 

 

 

PSY-623 – Offender Rehabilitation and Reintegration

 

  Topic 7 – Behavioral Treatment Plan

 

Scoring Guide

 

 

 

 

 

Grading category

Points

Comments

Behavioral treatment plan is completed

25 /___

 

Treatment plan includes target behaviors, treatment contract, short- and long-term goals, outline of plan goals, and contingency factors.

25/___

 

Reflection of how behavioral plan will benefit client.

20/___

 

Treatment plan and reflection supported with scholarly resources.

10/___

 

Solid academic writing is evident

10/___

 

Total

/90